- About Japanese painting ( Nihonga ) Nihonga or literally “Japanese-style paintings” are paintings that have been made in accordance with traditional Japanese artistic conventions, techniques and materials. While based on traditions over a thousand years old, the term was coined in the Meiji period of the Imperial Japan, to distinguish such works from Western-style paintings, or Yoga.
- Pigments and Paints in Nihonga
Nihonga are typically executed on washi (Japanese paper) or eginu (silk), using brushes. The paintings can be either monochrome or polychrome. If monochrome, typically sumi (Chinese ink) made from soot mixed with a glue from fishbone or animal hide is used. If polychrome, the pigments are derived from natural ingredients: minerals, shells, corals, and even semi-precious stones like malachite, azurite and cinnabar. The raw materials are powdered into 16 gradations from fine to sandy grain textures. A hide glue solution, called nikawa, is used as a binder for these powdered pigments. In both cases, water is used; hence nihonga is a water-based medium. Gofun (powdered calcium carbonate that is made from cured oyster, clam or scallop shells) is an important material used in nihonga. Different kinds of gofun are utilized as a ground, for under-painting, and as a fine white top color.
Initially, nihonga were produced for hanging scrolls (kakemono), hand scrolls (emakimono) or folding screens (byobu). However, most are now produced on paper stretched onto wood panels, suitable for framing. Nihonga paintings do not need to be put under glass. They are archival for thousands of years.
- Turner Acryl Gouache Japanesque Colours The traditional paint used for Nihonga has been re-invented by the experts at Turner Colourworks to create the Acryl Gouache Japanesque. The paints used in Nihonga have a very sepcific texture because the colours were traditionally made with natural pigments and in order to keep the tradition, the Turner Acryl Gouache Japanesque paint series have not only the traditional Japanese colours, but also the same texture as in the traditional paints, that were used over 500 years ago. The Turner Japanesque selection of 69 beautiful, sophisticated tones are formulated with fine powders which give a unique, slightly textured finish.